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英語寫作i助教 > 寫作技巧 > 寫下的目標總是沒達成?用「3W1H」制定你的計劃!
寫下的目標總是沒達成?用「3W1H」制定你的計劃!
2019/1/3 分類:寫作技巧  作者:LAURIEGARDNER  點閱次數:468
   

2019年,新年快樂!

每年的開頭,總是要寫下新年新希望,並告訴自己今年要過得更好。

過去每年寫下的目標你至今完成多少了呢?新的一年你有什麼想完成的事情嗎?

一起跟著步驟寫下目標,並督促自己。今年一定要達成!

 

 

 設下明確目標 - What

  關鍵字是「明確、清楚地」,一般人在計劃目標時很常犯的一個錯誤就是不明確且不清楚。所以很多目標最終變得含糊不清,然後你就會很快地感到失敗、失望。例如:”I want to lose weight.” 就是一個很好的例子。減重是一個很好的目標,但必須要讓它更具體、更明確。例如,將其改成:”I want to lose 20 pounds.”如此一來,你就會確切地知道你期望你自己減掉多少重量。

 

 

 設置期限 - When

  如果你給自己一個太長的時間去完成某件事情,你就會很容易給自己藉口將它推遲到下週或下個月。給自己2-3個月的時間來達到目的是較為合理的。例如:” I want to lose 20 pounds in 2 months.” 設置期限可以讓你在那幾個月保持高度的專注,自然而然就會形成新的習慣,並設立全年的新目標。根據所需適時重新審視你的目標,以獲得新的動力!

 

 

► 目標動機 - Why

  為什麼你想要完成這個目標?這個目標會如何讓你和你的生活更好?好好地思考「為什麼」,這將有助於你更有動力去完成你的目標。

例如:”I want to lose 20 pounds in 2 months so I can live a long and healthy life with my children.”

 

 

► 制定計劃 - How

  清楚你的動機之後,就可以開始制定計劃。你將要「如何」去完成你的目標?為了實現目標而必須在生活中做出的改變有哪些?你以前可能聽過這樣的話:沒有計劃的目標只是一個「願望」。這是真的!所以制定你的計劃吧!將計劃寫成像以下的例句:”I want to lose 20 pounds in 2 months so I can live a long and healthy life with my children. I will do this by cutting out sweets and white carbohydrates, eating a vegetable at every meal, and walking 2 miles a day.” 有明確的目標、期限、動機及如何著手去做。

 

 

► 寫下來 - Write in down

  寫下你的目標,以便你可以經常看到它並重新審視它。使用簡單的圖表確保你執行每個步驟,直到完成你的目標!

Clear Goal

Time Limit

Why

How

I want to lose 20 pounds

2 months

so I can live a long and healthy life with my children.

 - cut out sweets and white carbohydrates   

 - eat vegetables at every meal

 - walk 2 miles/day

 

以下是有關語言學習計劃的範例,你可以參考並製作你自己的表格:

          Clear Goal 

      Time Limit

        Why        

  How              

I want to be able to listen to spoken English

3 months

so I can have more productive conversations

- find some English podcasts to listen to, take notes, and talk about them with friends

- listen for at least 15 minutes/day

- listen to English music, looking up lyrics as needed

- talk about and share the song with friends

- study one English song/week

I want to be able to have a conversation in English

3 months

so that I can feel more comfortable about going to English speaking places and travel more

- find a friend willing to practice with

- have at least one full English-only conversation/day

- join a local English meetup club (if possible)

- write conversation scripts on different topics and practice memorizing and saying them out loud

I want to understand present progressive better

1 month

so that I can be more confident when speaking and writing

- get a grammar book

- take a class

- watch YouTube videos

- create a grammar chart

- intentionally practice saying something as I’m doing it in my head e.g., I’m brushing my teeth, I’m cooking dinner, I’m watching TV

I want to learn more complex words

3 months

so that I sound more educated

- sign up for a “word of the day”

- practice using the word at least 3 times in a day

- use a thesaurus to look up more complex words of the same meaning

 

從現在開始寫下你的計劃,並享受達成目標後的成就感吧!

列出圖表後,以"My New Year's resolutions"為題,寫一篇作文,記得要用未來式喔!

 

 

- 原文來源:New Year's Resolutions For ELLs



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